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For thousands of years the Acropolis has been the symbol of Athens, the sacred rock, the link that connects the magnificent ancient civilization with the modern. The Acropolis and its monuments, its history and the myths that are connected with it are rightly the pride and the glory of this city, the envy of all other cities in the world. These is no Greek or foreign visitor who does not want to make the pilgrimage to the sacred rock and absorb its magnificence and beauty. If you have never been to the Acropolis I assure you it is a unique and unforgettable experience.

SITE MONUMENTS

  • PARTHENON: is the unique masterpiece of the world. You will realize it yourself the moment you stand in front of it and learn a little of its history and the secrets of its construction. The beauty, harmony and grace of this monument make a really lasting impression on everyone who sees it. The architects of the classical temple, which was constructed and decorated between 447 and 432 BC during the Golden Age of Perikles, were Iktinos and kallicrates. The Parthenon housed the golden-ivory statue of Athena, work of the famous sculptor Pheidias. This statue was the final destination of the Great Panathenaea procession, depicted on the frieze of the temple.
  • ERECHTHEION: was erected in 421-406 BC on the north side of the hill. The eastern part of the building was dedicated to Athena Polias, while the western part served the cult of Poseidon-Erechtheus and held the altars of Hephaistus and Voutos, brother of Erechtheus. On the south facade of the western temple there is the porch of the Karyatides, a pi-shaped structure with six female statues instead of columns to support the roof. Five of them are in the Acropolis Museum and another in the British Museum. Those on the building are casts.
  • PROPYLAEA: the monumental entrance to the sanctuary, were erected in 437-432 BC, after the completion of the Parthenon, by architect Mnesikles.
  • TEMPLE OF ATHENA NIKE: stands at the southeast edge of the sacred rock atop a bastion. The Classical temple, designed by architect Kallikrates and built in 426-421 BC, succeeded earlier temples also dedicated to Athena Nike.
  • BRAURONION: located just south of the Propylaia inside the sacred enclosure of the Acropolis, was a shrine dedicated to Brauronian Artemis. It was founded in the mid-sixth century BC, possibly by Peisistratos.
  • TEMPLE OF ROME AND AUGUSTUS: is a small circular temple dedicated to Rome and Augustus. It was erected in the late first century BC east of the Parthenon or of the Erechtheion.
  • PEDESTAL OF AGRIPPA: stands west of the Propylaia, directly opposite the north wing and the so-called Pinakothiki, and is the same height as the temple of Athena Nike to the south. Originally it was built in honour of Eumenes II of Pergamon in 178 BC to commemorate his victory in the chariot race of the Panathenaic games.
  • BEULE GATE: The Beule gate, by which the Acropolis is accessed today, stands to the west of the Propylaia. It was built in the mid-3rd century AD as part of a program to protect the sacred precinct, possibly after the destructive invasion of the Herulians in 267 AD. Together with another gate located under the tower of Athena Nike, it was built into a strong fortification wall erected west of the Propylaea. The gate was named after the French archaeologist who investigated this area in 1852.
  • ACROPOLIS FORTIFICATION WALL: the Acropolis has been a refuge since prehistoric times because of its geomorphology. The first, so-called 'Cyclopean' wall, was built along the top of the hill in the Mycenaean period, at approximately 1200 BC. Remains of this wall are still visible to the southeast of the Propylaea, while its course can be traced fairly accurately.
  • OLD TEMPLE OF ATHENA: The 6th century Doric temple of Athena Polias on the Acropolis, called 'The Old Temple', was located between the Erechtheion and the Parthenon. It was damaged by the Persians in 480 BC, repaired and finally burnt down in 406 BC.
  • CHALKOTHEKE: a building that once contained votive offerings of bronze.

USEFUL INFORMATION

Telephone: +30 210 9238175, +30 210 9238724
Fax: +30 210 9239023
EMail: aepka@culture.gr
Tickets: Full: €20, Reduced: €10
Special Ticket Package: Full: €30, Reduced: €15, Valid for: Acropolis Museum, Acropolis of Athens, Ancient Agora of Athens, Archaeological Museum of Kerameikos, Kerameikos, Museum of the Ancient Agora, North slope of Acropolis, Olympieio, Roman Agora of Athens, South Slope of Acropolis.
Open: from the 1st of November until the 31 of March: 8:30-15:00
Holidays: 1 January, 25 March, Good Friday: until 12:00 closed, Holy Saturday: 08.30-15.00, 1 May, Easter Sunday, Easter Monday: 08.30-15.00, 25 December, 26 December.

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The Acropolis

 

 

 

Parthenon

 

 

 

Karyatides