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There is an ancient legend that, before the Battle of Marathon, the Persians brought with them a huge piece of marble, from which to make a memorial to their victory, which they believed certain. However, Nemesis, or divine retribution, willed it otherwise. The Greeks won the famous battle in 490 BC: Agoracritos, a pupil of Phidias, wrought the statue of Nemesis herself from that very piece of marble, and it was erected at Ramnous.

The deme of Ramnous took its name from the buckthorn bushes (genus Rhamnus) which grew in abundance in the area. The settlement consisted of a fortress, public buildings, sanctuaries, houses, and burial grounds.

Early in the fifth century, the sanctuary of Nemesis was built to the south. The huge fifth-century temple was a Doric hexastyle. Inside, the statue of Nemesis stood on a base decorated with reliefs, with tha altar in front of it.

Christianity having prevailed, the order went out in AD 399 that the temple should be demolished. But the remains of the sanctuary and the fortress were never entirely buried under the earth, and have remained visible to travellers and local people ever since.

USEFUL INFORMATION

Ramnountas (Prefecture of Attiki)
Telephone: +30 22940 63477
Ticket: Full: 2, Reduced: 1
Open: from the 1st of November until the 31 of March: 8:30-15:00
Holidays: 25 March closed

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The Sanctuary of Nemesis