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Pella, a small coastal town of the Thermaikos Gulf, replaced Aigai as the capital of the Macedonian state at the end of the fifth - beginning of the fourth century BC and quickly became one of the most important political, economical and cultural centres of Greece. The new capital, chosen by King Archelaos or Amyntas III for political and economic reasons, was ideally situated near fertile lands, while its coastal location facilitated communications and encouraged both commerce and the expansionist views of the Macedonian rulers.

Pella was the seat of the king Philip II and of Alexander, his son. In 168 BC, it was sacked by the Romans, and its treasury transported to Rome. Later, the city was destroyed by an earthquake and eventually was rebuilt over its ruins. By 180 AD, Lucian could describe it in passing as "now insignificant, with very few inhabitants".

SITE MONUMENTS

  • CITY WALL: It consists of a rampart of crude bricks (about 50 cm square) raised on a stone foundation; some of which has been located North of the palace, and some in the South next to the lake. Inside the ramparts, three hills occupy the North, and the palace is situated on a place of honour on the central hill. Partly searched, it occupied a considerable area of perhaps 60,000 square metres). The plan is still not well known, but has been related to that of the city plan.
  • PALACE: consisted of several — possibly seven — large architectural groupings juxtaposed in two rows, each including a series of rooms arranged around a central square courtyard, generally with porticos. Archaeologists have thus far identified a palaestra and baths. The south facade of the palace, towards the city, consisted of one large (at least 153 metres long) portico, constructed on a two metres high foundation. The relationship between the four principal complexes is defined by an interruption in the portico occuupied by a triple propylaeum, 15 m high, which gave the palace an imposing monumental air when seen from the city below.
  • MUSEUM

USEFUL INFORMATION

Telephone: +30 23820 31160
Fax: +30 23820 31278
Email: protocol@izepka.culture.gr
Special Ticket Package: Full: €6, Reduced: €3 combined ticket for archaeological site and museum.
Open: From the 1st of November until the 31 of March: 8:30-15:00
Holidays: 1 January, 6 January: 08:30 - 15:00, Shrove Monday: 08:30 - 15:00, 25 March, Good Friday: 12:00 - 15:00, Holy Saturday: 08:30 - 15:00, 1 May, Easter Sunday, Easter Monday: 08:30 - 15:00, Holy Spirit Day: 08:30 - 15:00, 15 August: 08:30 - 15:00, 28 October: 08:30 - 15:00, 25 December, 26 December.

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An atrium with a pebble-mosaic paving