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Mycenae 'Rich in Gold', the kingdom of mythical Agamemnon, first sung by Homer in his epics, is the most important and richest palatial centre of the Late Bronze Age in Greece. Its name was given to one of the greatest civilizations of Greek prehistory, the Mycenaean civilization, while the myths related to its history have inspired poets and writers over many centuries, from the Homeric epics and the great tragedies of the Classical period to contemporary literary and artistic creation. Mycenae is located about 90 km south-west of Athens, in the north-eastern Peloponnese. From the hill on which the palace was located one can see across the Argolid to the Saronic Gulf.

Mycenae is definitely in the top ten list of ancient Greek sites to visit!

SITE MONUMENTS

  • TREASURY OF ATREUS: It is the most impressive of the preserved Mycenaean tholos tombs, situated at Mycenae, on Panagitsa hill. The walls of the chamber and the long dromos (36 m. long and 6 m. wide) are lined with conglomerate ashlar blocks. The tholos or round chamber (h. 13.20 m., diam. 14.20 m.) is roofed with a conical corbel vault, having the shape of an old-fashioned beehive. A distinctive feature of the tomb is the side-chamber hewn in the rock.
  • SUBTERRANEAN CISTERN
  • RELIGION CENTRE OF MYCENAE
  • CYCLOPEAN WALLS
  • BUILDING COMPLEX OF THE OIL MERCHANT
  • LIONS GATE
  • GRAVE CIRCLE B
  • EXCAVATIONS

    The first excavations at Mycenae were carried out by the Greek archaeologist Kyriakos Pittakis in 1841. He found and restored the Lion Gate. In 1874 Heinrich Schliemann arrived at the site and undertook a complete excavation. Schliemann believed in the historical truth of the Homeric stories and interpreted the site accordingly. He found the ancient shaft graves with their royal skeletons and spectacular grave goods. Upon discovering a human skull beneath a gold death mask in one of the tombs, he declared: "I have gazed upon the face of Agamemnon". Since Schliemann's day more scientific excavations have taken place at Mycenae, mainly by Greek archaeologists but also by the British School at Athens. The acropolis was excavated in 1902, and the surrounding hills have been methodically investigated by subsequent excavations.

    USEFUL INFORMATION

    Mykines (Prefecture of Argolida)
    Telephone
    : +30 27510 76585, +30 27510 76802
    Special Ticket Package: Full: €8, Reduced: €4
    Open: from the 1st of November until the 31 of March: 8:30-15:00
    Holidays: 25 March.

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    Lion's Gate

     

    Treasure of Atreus

     

    Agamemnon's Gold Mask