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In Greek mythology, Nestor of Gerenia was the King of Pylos. He became king after Heracles killed Neleus and all of Nestor's brothers and sisters. His wife was either Eurydice or Anaxibia; their children included Peisistratus, Thrasymedes, Pisidice, Polycaste, Stratichus, Aretus, Echephron and Antilochus.

The palace reached the peak of its prosperity in 13th century B.C. The early years of the 12th century B.C. the palace was destroyed by fire. In 1939, K. Kourouniotis located the site of the Palace. Professor Carl Blegen of the University of Cincinnati excavated the area. After the declaration of Second World War, the excavations recommended.

DESCRIPTION

The best preserved of the Mycenaean palaces. It's a complex of various buildings. It consists of 105 ground floor apartments. It has four main buildings (SW building, central building, NE building, wine store) and some smaller ones. The most important compartments of the palace are the big rectangural "throne room" with its circular hearth, the room with the clay bath tube and the stores with their numerous storage vessels. The walls of the palace were decorated with fine wall paintings.

The thousands of clay tablets in linear B' script found in the "Archive" illuminate the multiple functions and transactions which took place there. These texts proof that Linear B' is the earliest known Greek script, which was dechiphered by Michael Ventris

USEFUL INFORMATION
Telephone: +30 27630 31437
Ticket: Full: €3, Reduced: €2
Open: (summer) Tuesday - Friday: 8:00-19:00, Saturday - Sunday: 8:30-15:00; (winter) daily 8:30-15:00.

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The throne room

Olive oil stores